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Sunday, May 3, 2020 | History

2 edition of Arctic oil spill countermeasures logistics study found in the catalog.

Arctic oil spill countermeasures logistics study

Arctic oil spill countermeasures logistics study

summary report

by

  • 249 Want to read
  • 21 Currently reading

Published by Environment Canada, Environmental Protection Service in Ottawa, Ont .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Logistics.,
  • Oil spills -- Canada, Northern.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementauthors, De Lew Cather, Canada Ltd. in association with Bradley Air Services ... [et al.].
    SeriesEconomic and technical review / Environmental Impact Control Directorate -- report EPS 3-EC-78-8, Environmental Protection Service report series -- EPS 3-EC-78-8.
    ContributionsDe Leuw, Cather & Company of Canada., Canada. Environmental Impact Control Directorate., Bradley Air Services.
    The Physical Object
    Paginationviii, 59 p. :
    Number of Pages59
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL20747411M
    ISBN 100662101014

      National Academy of Sciences. (, April 23). Increased infrastructure required for effective oil spill response in U.S. Arctic. ScienceDaily. Retrieved Ma from   A combination of countermeasures, rather than a single response option, may provide optimal protection, and so the response toolbox requires flexibility to evaluate and apply multiple options if necessary, the report says. Building U.S. capability for Arctic oil . Responding to Oil Spills in the U.S. Arctic Marine Environment Funding for this study was provided by the U.S. Arctic Research Commission, the American research, manpower, funding and logistics to respond to an Arctic oil spill. The committee sought to balance in its work traditional and scientific knowledge of the Arctic and of. of oil spill response (OSR) systems in the Arctic. To contribute to the academic discussion surrounding collaboration in the Arctic and especially within the study of oil spill response 1 From now referred to as the Agreement. 2 Bilateral agreements are between two parties, while multilateral are among several (Stokke, 97).


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Arctic oil spill countermeasures logistics study Download PDF EPUB FB2

The text describes each habitat and discusses how oil is likely to behave there, as well as considerations for treating oil.

Shoreline Countermeasures Manuals: These tools, customizable for the region, are for people who must plan and implement shoreline countermeasures in order to reduce the ultimate environmental impact and cost of an oil spill. The slow rate of biological degradation of oil at near-zero temperatures has led biologists to suggest that oil spills in the Arctic Ocean might remain there for periods of 50 years or more.

The dynamics of the ice pack combined with the long life of the oil could allow an oil spill to have a major effect on the albedo in certain regions of the. 3 Arctic Oil Spill Response Research. Large-scale work on oil spills in sea ice began in the early s in Canada and the United States with the Beaufort Sea Project and the Outer Continental Shelf Environmental Assessment Program, respectively (e.g., Lewis, ).

Responding to Oil Spills in the U.S. Arctic Marine Environment reviews the current state of the science regarding oil spill response and environmental assessment in the Arctic region north of the Bering Strait, with emphasis on the potential impacts in U.S.

waters. This report describes the unique ecosystems and environment of the Arctic and. The Coast Guard will be using both an unreactive, green fluorescein dye and hundreds of oranges as "simulated oil" for the various tools and technologies to ly during an oil spill, NOAA or the Coast Guard would send people up in a plane or helicopter to survey the ocean for the oil's precise location, which NOAA also uses to improve its models of the oil's expected behavior.

Two oil spill countermeasures based on the acceleration of natural recovery rates have been proposed for study in field trials within Arctic Canadian waters. These are: (1) the promotion of Oil Mineral Aggregate (OMA) formation; and (2) the use of chemical oil : K. Lee. Spill Response in the Arctic Offshore 1 Introduction Recent years have seen increasing interest in offshore oil exploration in the Arctic and other frontier regions.

While these activities may seem like new developments, Arctic oil exploration and in some cases production has been taking place for many years in these regions. Close to wells. The lack of infrastructure and oil spill response equip-ment in the U.S. Arctic (Figure 3) is a significant liability in the event of a large oil spill.

Building U.S. capabilities to support oil spill response will require significant investment in physical infrastructure and human capabilities, from.

solutions for oil spill response in ice-covered waters. This will form the basis for further development of an improved oil spill contingency for the Arctic region. From the start of to the end ofthe program has been carried out as a broad international cooper ation. No oil company is remotely prepared for a major spill in the Arctic, says WWF.

"Oil spills can be devastating to Arctic marine environments given the current lack of oil spill response capabilities. Inthe republic of Komi, where Usinsk lies 40 miles south of the Arctic Circle, became the scene of Russia’s largest oil spill when an estimatedtons splashed from an.

Inthe U.S. Coast Guard tested Prudhoe Bay oil in the Arctic Arctic oil spill countermeasures logistics study book to see how difficult it was to clean up a spill in icy conditions.

What did they find. Hay works well for soaking up oil. In open water or broken ice, the same study says that between 44% and 62% of crude oil resulting from a spill would stay put – neither dispersing nor evaporating – after 30 days.

The Coast Guard's efforts to support Arctic oil spill planning and response in the absence of a dedicated and adequate budget are admirable but not sustainable. Prepositioning a suite of response equipment throughout the Arctic, including in situ burn and dispersant capability, would provide immediate access to all oil spill countermeasures.

Renewed political and commercial interest in the resources of the Arctic, the reduction in the extent and thickness of sea ice, and the recent failings that led to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, have prompted industry and its regulatory agencies, governments, local communities and NGOs to look at all aspects of Arctic oil spill countermeasures with fresh eyes.

This paper provides an overview Cited by:   The United States is not ready to clean up an oil spill in the Arctic, the head of the Coast Guard said yesterday. The warning comes as Congress prepares to open up more drilling in a region Author: Climatewire. The threat of a major Arctic oil spill and the potential impacts on the region’s marine ecosystems are of concern for a broad range of U.S.

and international interests, including Alaskan natives and others who live in the region, citizens and organizations concerned about the health of the Arctic environment, agencies committed to protecting.

xii offshore oil and gas goernance in the arctic: a leadership role for the u.s. EPA U.S. Environmental Protection Agency EPPR Emergency, Prevention, Preparedness, and Response (Arctic Council). The Arctic's extreme weather and freezing temperatures, its remote location and the presence of moving sea ice severely increase the risks of oil drilling, complicate logistics and present unparalleled difficulties for any clean-up operation.

Its fragile ecosystem is particularly vulnerable to an oil spill and the consequences of an accident would have a profound effect on the environment and. An oil spill in the Arctic could happen in a number of ways.

It could be a cruise ship that's run aground while passengers are looking at a sea bird colony. It could be a container ship that has. large-scale experimental oil spill in Arctic pack ice in the Barents Sea marginal ice zone (Vefsnmo and JohannessenSingsaas et al. Inoil was spilled under solid ice in a fjord on Svalbard to study oil migration and weathering and test detection and burning countermeasures (Brandvik et.

"The Arctic and Marine Oilspill Program - AMOP", Proceedings of the Alaska Arctic Offshore Oil Spill Workshop, National Institute of Standards and Technology, NIST SP, Aprilp What would an Arctic oil spill in the Beaufort Sea look like. How far would it spread. How would it impact the environment and species.

How would it affect people. The study used computer modelling to predict the behaviour of oil spills in the Arctic region. The authors considered 22 different oil-spill scenarios in the Beaufort Sea, off the northwest coast.

Furthermore, it is the first study comparing the three Arctic transportation corridors, covering a variety of interacting and interdependent factors such as: geopolitics, military affairs, global warming, sea ice melting, international economic trends, resources, competing modes of transportation, environmental challenges, logistics, ocean.

Oil Spill R&D in Norwegian Arctic Waters with special Focus on Large-scale Oil Weathering Experiments P. Brandvik1, I. Singsaas2 and P. Daling2 1) University centre at Svalbard (UNIS), PbN Longyearbyen, Norway 2)SINTEF Materials and Chemistry, Marine Environmental Technology, N Trondheim, Norway Abstract The blow-out on Ekofisk in showed that the Norwegian.

The United States assumes the chair of the Arctic Council on Apfor a two-year term. In April the foreign ministers of the eight Arctic Council countries, gathered in Tromsø, Norway, approved a page document entitled “Arctic Offshore Oil and Gas Guidelines.” The guidelines were the product of more than two years of work led by the Council’s Working Group on.

A report commissioned by the energy board concluded that cleanup efforts after an offshore oil spill in the Arctic could be impossible at least one day in five because of bad weather or sea ice. Although research on the effects of oil spills on Arctic wildlife is incomplete, Miller pointed out the waters studied are important habitat for.

New research suggests a major oil spill in Canada's western Arctic would likely spread quickly and foul oceans around Alaska and possibly as far west as Russia.

oil spill response in ice-covered waters. • Under the prevailing test conditions each response tool evaluated during the program demonstrated some merit in responding to an oil spill in an Arctic environment.

• The availability of all the response options is considered as key to a successful oil spill response operation under Arctic conditions. A report commissioned by the energy board concluded that cleanup efforts after an offshore oil spill in the Arctic could be impossible at least one day in five because of bad weather or sea.

To further build on existing research and improve the technologies and methodologies for arctic oil spill response, nine oil and gas companies established the Arctic Oil Spill Response Technology Joint Industry Programme (JIP).

The goal of the JIP is to advance arctic oil spill response strategies and equipment as well as to increase. Arctic Oil Industry Nowhere Near Prepared for Spill, Federal Study Warns Despite the laws that require drilling companies to be responsible for clean up and response to oil spills from drilling.

Cold Regions Science and Technology, 7 () Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam -- Printed in The Netherlands Arctic Marine Oil Spill Research H.R. Hume, I. Buist, D. Betts and R. Goodman Petro Canada Calgary Abstract Canada, with its immense arctic and sub- arctic regions, wants to develop the promising hydro-carbon potential of the Beaufort Sea, the high arctic islands Cited by: 4.

This book is a compilation of research on oil spills in ice-covered Arctic waters and recommendations for future work. We identify research entities in governmental, nongovernmental, industrial, and private organizations, and provide an inventory of research : U.S.

Arctic Research Commission. prompt identification and removal of oil from harsh Arctic environments. Rather than working independently, the Oil Spill Response Research (OSRR) program has partnered with state and federal government agencies, academia, private industry and other countries who share similar interests in Arctic oil spill response research.

Responding to Oil Spills in the U.S. Arctic Marine Environment reviews the current state of the science regarding oil spill response and environmental assessment in the Arctic region north of the.

Spill Response in the Arctic Offshore. Oil spill response is demanding under any circumstances, and Arctic conditions impose additional environmental and logistical challenges. At the same time, unique aspects of the Arctic environment can in some instances work to the responders’ advantage.

An Arctic oil spill--planning for the unknown Does ice help or hinder response. The major problem researchers face in discussing the environmental impact of a large oil spill in the Arctic Ocean, if and how it can be remediated, and how it would affect the unique polar environment is that, quite simply, such an event has never happened (or has.

The Arctic Oil Spill Response Technology Joint Industry Programme (JIP) was launched in to undertake specifically targeted research and technology projects identified to build on an already extensive research and experience background, to further improve Arctic spill response capabilities. Arctic oil spill Response Technology Joint Industry Program.

To further build on existing research and improve the technologies and methodologies for Arctic OSR, nine oil and gas companies established the Arctic Response Technology Joint Industry Program (ART-JIP) in (Dickins, ).Cited by: 4.Oil & Gas Producers (OGP) announced an Oil Spill Response Technology Joint Industry Program (JIP) focusing on oil spill recovery in ice and spill response in Arctic marine waters.

Below, we discuss this JIP in detail. One of the first tasks of this JIP has been to collect and review the current state of knowledge on the subject. Some of the.Draft 1 Validation of Oil Spill Transport and Fate Modeling in Arctic Ice Authors: *1Deborah P.

French-McCay, 1Tayebeh Tajalli-Bakhsh, 1Kathy Jayko, 2Malcolm L. Spaulding, and 3Zhengkai Li 1RPS ASA 55 Village Square Drive South Kingstown, RI USA.